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William Fletcher Cummins papers

Identifier: urn:taro:utexas.cah.01299

Scope and Contents

Papers produced by Cummins relate to the El Paso-Amarillo Oil & Gas Company and Rio Bravo Oil Company; reports of geological surveys in Mexico, New Mexico, and Texas; daily progress report of East Coast Oil Company; and Cummins’ life and religious and philosophical interests. Papers include correspondence, minutes, pamphlets, magazine and newspaper clippings, maps, broadsides, photographs, receipts, diaries, notebooks, religious papers, blueprints, account papers, and Bible courses.

The collection is minimally processed. However, indexes in 2D19 provide an item-level guide to boxes 2D19-2D39.


  • Creation: 1892 - 1933


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.

Biographical Note

Professor William Fletcher Cummins (1840-1931) was a Texas Methodist clergyman and geologist. Cummins was born in Webster County, Missouri on June 13,1830. He attended St. Charles College and moved to Texas in 1860 serving nine years with the Methodist Episcopal Church South across Texas. During that time Cummins also served in Arkansas with the Confederate Army during the Civil War. He wrote about being a member of the Ku Klux Klan in 1866-67. In 1869 Cummins failing health forced him to resign from the clergy and pursue other work in real estate and as a railroad agent. In 1881 he began work for the Academy of Sciences in Philadelphia, gathering Texas fossils. He was then hired by the State of Texas as Assistant Sate Geologist. His exploratory geological work resulted in the discovery of the Tampico oil field. Cummins married Mrs. Minnie C. Bullion Darnell in Weatherford, Texas, on March 17, 1871. They had three children. He spent his last years at his home in El Paso, where he died on January 8, 1931.

  • Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Cummins, William Fletcher" (accessed September 15, 2009).
  • Memorial and biographical history of Dallas County, Texas: containing a history of this important section of the great state of Texas, from the earliest period of its occupancy to the present time ... and biographical mention of many of its pioneers, and also of prominent citizens of to-day. 1976. [S.l.]: Walsworth Pub. Co.


9.33 Linear Feet

Language of Materials



Professor William Fletcher Cummins (1840-1931) was a Texas Methodist clergyman and geologist.

Accession Number(s)

1961-070; 1963-028

Separated Materials

The donation of the Cummins Papers also included a large number of books, which were separated from the papers and sent to the library unit. Most of these were concerning geology, though several religious books were also included.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.

William Fletcher Cummins Papers, 1892-1933
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Repository Details

Part of the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History Repository

2300 Red River Street
Austin TX 78712